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21 Chuyên Đề Ôn Thi THPT Quốc Gia 2021 (Phần 17) – Bài Tập Câu Tường Thuật

CÂU ĐỒNG NGHĨA VÀ KẾT HỢP CÂU – CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT

CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT

Một số thay đối khi chuyển từ câu trực tiếp sang câu gián tiếp
Những thay đổiTrực tiếpGián tiếp
Thay
đổi về
thì
(lùi 1
thì)
Hiện tại đơn– V(bare)/V(s,es)

He said: “I live in a big city.”

– am/is/are

She said: “I am at home.”

– Ved/V(cột2)

He said (that) he lived in a big city.

– was/were

She said (that) she was at home.

Quá khứ đơn– Ved/V(cột 2)

Peter said: “I did it by myself.”

– was/were

Mary said: “I was in the park last Sunday.”

– Had + V(p2)

Peter said (that) he had done it by himself.

– Had been

Mary said (that) she had been in the park the Sunday before.

Hiện tại tiếp diễn– Am/is/are + Ving

She said: “We are learning now.”

– Was/were + Ving

She said (that) she was learning then.

Quá khứ tiếp diễn– Was/we re + Ving

He said: “I was sleeping then.”

– Had + been + Ving

He said (that) he had been sleeping then.

Hiện tại hoàn thành– Have/has + Vp2

He said: “Someone has stolen my bag.”

– Had + Vp2

He said (that) someone had stolen his bag.

Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn– Have/has + been + Ving

She said: “I have been waiting for you for 3 hours.”

– Had + been + Ving

She said (that) she had been waiting for me for 3 hours.

Tương lai đơn– Will/shall + V(bare)

Lan said: “I will call you tonight”

– Would + V(bare)

Lan said (that) she would call me that night.

Tương lai gần– Am/is/are + going to + V

Huong said: “We are going to have a party next weekend.”

– Was/were + going to + V

Huong said (that) they were going to have a party the next weekend.”

Động từ khuyết thiếu– Can

He said: “I can’t come on time.”

– Could

He said (that) he couldn’t come on time.

– Must/have to (sự bắt buộc)

She said: “I must take care of my little brother.”

– Must (sự suy diễn)

He said: “You must be tired now.”

– Must (đưa ra lời khuyên)

My father said: “This exam is very important. You must prepare for it well.”

– Mustn’t (sự cấm đoán)

She said: “You mustn’t make noise here.”

– Had to

She said (that) she had to take care of her little brother.

– Must

He said (that) I must be tired then.

– Must

My father said (that) that exam was very important and I must prepare for it well.

– Mustn’t

She said (that) I mustn’t make noise there.

– May

My teacher said: “You may use dictionaries for this test.”

– Might

My teacher said (that) we might use dictionaries for that test.”

– Need

He said: “I need do it

now.”

– Needed/had to

He said (that) he needed/had to do it then.

– Needn’t (dùng ở hiện tại)

She said: “We needn’t set off early.”

– Needn’t (dùng ở tương lai)

He said: “You needn’t come here tomorrow.”

– Needn’t/didn’t have to

She said (that) they needn’t/didn’t have to set off early.

– Wouldn’t have to

He said (that) I wouldn’t have to come here the next day.

Trạng từ chỉ thời gianTodaythat day
Tonightthat night
Tomorrowthe next day / the following day
Tomorrow morningthe next morning
Yesterdaythe day before / the previous day
Agobefore
Nowthen
Next (Tuesday)the next / following Tuesday
Last (Tuesday)the previous Tuesday / the Tuesday before
The day after tomorrowin two days’ time / two days later
The day before yesterdayTwo days before
Herethere
Các đại từSubject

pronouns

IHe/ She
YouI/ We/ They
WeWe/ They
Object

pronouns

mehim/ her
youme/ us/ them
usus/ them
Possessive

adjectives

myhis/ her
yourmy/ our/ their
ourour/ their
Possessive

pronouns

minehis/ hers
yoursmine/ ours/theirs
oursours/ theirs
Demonstrativesthisthat
thesethose

BÀI TẬP CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT ÁP DỤNG

1. “You’d better stay at home during this time” he said to Lan.
A. He ordered Lan to stay at home during that time.
B. He warmed Lan against staying at home during that time.
C. He advised Lan to stay at home during that time.
D. He thanked Lan for staying at home during that time.
2. “What have you done to my laptop, Jane?” asked Tom.
A. Tom asked Jane what had she done to his laptop.
B. Tom asked Jane what has she done to his laptop.
C. Tom asked Jane what she had done to his laptop.
D. Tom asked Jane what she has done to his laptop.
3. “When did you start practising yoga?” asked Tom.
A. Tom wanted to know when I had started practising yoga.
B. Tom wanted to know when had I started practising yoga.
C. Tom wanted to know when did I start practising yoga.
D. Tom wanted to know when I was starting practising yoga.
4. “Why didn’t you attend the meeting, Mary?” Tom asked.
A. Tom asked Mary why didn’t she attend the meeting.
B. Tom asked Mary why she hadn’t attended the meeting.
C. Tom asked Mary why hadn’t she attended the meeting.
D. Tom asked Mary why she wasn’t attending the meeting.
5. “How long have you lived here, Lucy?” asked Jack.
A. Jack asked Lucy how long did she live here.
B. Jack asked Lucy how long had she lived there.
C. Jack asked Lucy how long she lived here.
D. Jack asked Lucy how long she had lived there.
6. “You had better see a doctor if the sore throat does not clear up,” she said to me.
A. She reminded me of seeing a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
B. She ordered me to see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
C. She insisted that I see a doctor unless the sore throat did not clear up.
D. She suggested that I see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
7. “Why don’t we go out for dinner tonight?” said Jim.
A. Jim suggested going out for dinner that night.
B. Jim refused to go out for dinner that night.
C. Jim denied going out for dinner that night.
D. Jim promised to go out for dinner that night.
8. “You got an A in Chemistry. Congratulations!” Peter said to his classmate.
A. Peter encouraged his classmate to get an A in Chemistry.
B. Peter persuaded his classmate to get an A in Chemistry.
C. Peter insisted on getting an A in Chemistry for his classmate.
D. Peter congratulated his classmate on getting an A in Chemistry.
9. “No, I won’t go to work at the weekend, “said Sally.
A. Sally refused to go to work at the weekend.
B. Sally promised to go to work at the weekend.
C. Sally apologized for not going to work at the weekend.
D. Sally regretted not going to work at the weekend.
10. “We will not leave until we see the manager, “said the customers.
A. The customers promised to leave before they saw the manager.
B. The customers refused to leave until they saw the manager.
C. The customers agreed to leave before they saw the manager.
D. The customers decided to leave because they did not see the manager.
11. “Why don’t we go camping at the weekend?” he said.
A. He denied going camping at the weekend.
B. He suggested going camping at the weekend.
C. He objected to going camping at the weekend.
D. He apologized for going camping at the weekend.
12. “I didn’t give John the money,” said Mary.
A. Mary denied giving John the money.
B. Mary admitted giving John the money.
C. Mary suggested giving John the money.
D. Mary remembered giving John the money.
13. “Would you like to go to the show with me?” Anna said to Bella.
A. Anna reminded Bella to go to the show with her.
B. Anna persuaded Bella to go to the show with her.
C. Anna encouraged Bella to go to the show with her.
D. Anna invited Bella to go to the show with her.
14. “You should take better care of your health, “said Tom’s mother.
A. Tom’s mother promised to take better care of his health.
B. Tom’s mother ordered him to take better care of his health.
C. Tom’s mother required him to take better care of his health.
D. Tom’s mother advised him to take better care of his health.
15. “Don’t forget to submit your assignments by Thursday,” said the teacher to the students.
A. The teacher reminded the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
B. The teacher allowed the students to submit their assignments by Thursday,
C. The teacher ordered the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
D. The teacher encouraged the students to submit their assignments by Thursday
16. “I’m sorry I haven’t finished the assignment,” Fiona said.
A. Fiona denied having finished the assignment.
B. Fiona regretted having finished the assignment.
C. Fiona refused to finish the assignment.
D. Fiona apologised for not finishing the assignment.
17. “I’ll call you as soon as I arrive at the airport,” he said to me.
A. He objected to calling me as soon as he arrived at the airport.
B. He promised to call me as soon as he arrived at the airport.
C. He denied calling me as soon as he arrived at the airport.
D. He reminded me to call him as soon as he arrived at the airport.
18. “What are you going to do after school, Anne?” Kevin asked.
A. Kevin asked Anne what was she going to do after school.
B. Kevin asked Anne what she was going to do after school.
C. Kevin wanted to know what Anne would do after school.
D. Kevin wanted to know what would Anne do after school.
19. He said: “I’m sorry I didn’t reply to the letter.”
A. He apologized for not to reply to the letter.
B. He apologized for not to replying to the letter.
C. He apologized for didn’t reply to the letter.
D. He apologized for not replying to the letter.
20. “It can’t be Mike who leaked the document, it might be Tom.” said our manager.
A. Our manager suspected Tom of having leaked the document not Mike.
B. Our manager blamed Tom for having leaked the document instead of Mike.
C. Our manager showed his uncertainty about who leaked the document: Mike or Tom.
D. Our manager made it clear that Tom was the one who leaked the document, not Mike.
21. “Tom, please don’t tell anyone my new telephone number.” said Jane.
A. Jane told Tom please don’t tell anyone my new telephone number.
B. Jane asked Tom not to tell anyone her new telephone number.
C. Jane said to Tom not to tell anyone her new telephone number, please.
D. Jane wanted Tom didn’t tell anyone my new telephone number.
22. “You broke my glasses,” said the woman to me.
A. The woman insisted on breaking her glasses.
B. The woman advised me to break her glasses.
C. The woman told me to break her glasses.
D. The woman blamed me for breaking her glasses.
23. The doctor said, “You really ought to rest for a few days, Jasmine.”
A. Jasmine’s doctor insisted that she should rest for a few days.
B. The doctor suggested that Jasmine should take a short rest.
C. The doctor strongly advised Jasmine to take a few days’ rest.
D. It is the doctor’s recommendation that Jasmine rested shortly.
24. “Don’t forget to go to the supermarket after work!” he said.
A. He told me that I shouldn’t forget to go to the supermarket after work.
B. He requested me not to forget to go to the supermarket after work.
C. He reminded me to go to the supermarket after work.
D. He asked me no to forget to go to the supermarket after work
25. “If I were you, I would do morning exercise regularly.” said John.
A. John asked me to do morning exercise regularly.
B. John prevented me from doing morning exercise regularly.
C. John advised me to do morning exercise regularly.
D. John congratulated me on doing morning exercise regularly.
26. “Don’t leave the house until I get back, John “ his sister said.
A. John’s sister told him to leave the house when she got back.
B. John’s sister told him not to go out until she gets back.
C. John’s sister told him not to leave the house until she got back.
D. John’s sister told him to stay at home till she got back.
27. Mary said: “I am sure that you broke my vase, Jim”.
A. Mary accused Jim of having broken her vase.
B. Mary said she knew that Jim broke her vase.
C. Mary asked Jim of having broken her vase.
D. Mary told Jim to break the vase.
28. “Shall I carry the suitcase for you, Mary?” said John.
A. John offered Mary to carry the suitcase for Mary.
B. John offered to carry the suitcase for Mary.
C. John offered carrying the suitcase for Mary.
D. John offered Mary if he should carry the suitcase for her.
29. “I was not there at the time,” he said.
A. He denied to have been there at the time.
B. He denied that he had not been there at the time.
C. He denied to be there at the time.
D. He denied having been there at the time.
30. “Leave my house now or I’ll call the police!” shouted the lady to the man.
A. The lady threatened to call the police if the man didn’t leave her house.
B. The lady said that she would call the police if the man didn’t leave her house.
C. The lady told the man that she would call the police if he didn’t leave her house.
D. The lady informed the man that she would call the police if he didn’t leave her house.
31. “You did a great job! I’m proud of your achievement,” said the woman to her grandchild.
A. The woman said that her grandchild’s job was great and she was so proud of his work achievement.
B. The woman told her grandchild that she was proud of his achievement at work.
C. The woman told her grandchild to do a great job so that she could be proud of his achievement.
D. The woman complimented her grandchild on his achievement.
32. “I will let you know the answer by the end of this week,” Tim said to Jane.
A. Tim suggested giving Jane the answer by the end of the week.
B. Tim promised to give Jane the answer by the end of the week.
C. Tim insisted on letting Jane know the answer by the end of the week.
D. Tim offered to give Jane the answer by the end of the week.
33. “John, why don’t you go on a picnic with me next weekend?” said Janet.
A. Janet suggested John went on a picnic with her the nest weekend.
B. Janet suggested John go on a picnic with her the next weekend.
C. Janet suggested John should go on a picnic with her next weekend.
D. Janet suggested John to go on a picnic with her next weekend.
34. “Don’t come home late, Jenny, it’s dangerous!” her father said.
A. Jenny’s father told her not go home late and it was dangerous.
B. Jenny’s father told her not to go home late because it was dangerous.
C. Jenny’s father advised her go home early.
D. Jenny’s father asked her against being home late because it may be dangerous.
35. His wife said to him: “Write to me as often as you can”.
A. His wife told him to write to her as often as he can.
B. His wife told him to write to her as often as he could.
C. His wife told him writing to her as often as he could.
D. His wife told him writing to her as often as he can.

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