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21 Chuyên Đề Ôn Thi THPT Quốc Gia 2021 (Phần 18) – Bài Tập Câu điều kiện đặc biệt

CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN ĐẶC BIỆT

Câu điều kiện đặc biệt ( conditional sentences- special cases)

Kết hợp câu dùng câu điều kiện đặc biệt

Để kết hợp câu bằng câu điều kiện ta thực hiện theo các quy tắc sau:

Quy tắc 1:

– Nếu hai mệnh đề được kết nối bằng liên từ “so” thì ta viết mệnh đề điều kiện bằng mệnh đề trước “so”.

– Nếu hai mệnh đề được kết nối bằng liên từ “because” thì ta viết mệnh đề điều kiện bằng mệnh đề sau “because”.

– Nếu giữa hai câu có dấu chấm (.), dấu chấm phẩy (;) hoặc dấu gạch ngang (-) thì ta viết mệnh đề điều kiện bằng câu thứ nhất.

Quy tắc 2:

– Nếu động từ ở tương lai ta viết bằng điều kiện loại 1.

– Nếu động từ ở hiện tại ta viết bằng điều kiện loại 2.

– Nếu động từ ở quá khứ ta viết bằng điều kiện loại 3.

Quy tắc 3:

– thể của mệnh đề trong câu điều kiện luôn ngược với câu ban đầu.

Ví dụ:

The woman didn’t say what she wanted. I put the phone down.

If________________________________________________.

Ta có:

+ giữa 2 câu có dấu (.) ta viết câu điều kiện bắt đầu bằng câu thứ nhất.

+ động từ trong câu thứ nhất là “didn’t say” (quá khứ đơn) nên ta sẽ viết mệnh đề if bằng điều kiện loại 3 và ở thể khẳng định (If The woman had said what she wanted) và mệnh đề chính ở thể thể phủ định của điều kiện loại 3 (I wouldn’t have put the phone down). Vì thể của mệnh đề trong câu điều kiện luôn ngược với câu ban đầu.

=> If the woman had said what she wanted, I wouldn’t have put the phone down

BÀI TẬP CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN ĐẶC BIỆT ÁP DỤNG

1. The film is not perfect. Its abrupt ending spoils it.
A. The film would be perfect if it ended abruptly.
B. Provided the film ended abruptly, it would not be perfect.
C. Unless the film ends abruptly, it won’t be perfect.
D. But for its abrupt ending, the film would be perfect.
2. Mike didn’t follow his parents’ advice on choosing his career. He regrets it now.
A. If Mike had followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career, he wouldn’t regret it now.
B. Mike regrets having followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career.
C. If only Mike followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career.
D. Mike wishes he hadn’t followed his parents’ advice on choosing his career.
3. The candidate was offered the job because of his excellent answers.
A. The job was offered to the candidate although he couldn’t answer the questions.
B. If it hadn’t been for the candidate’s excellent answers, he couldn’t have got the job.
C. The candidate answered the questions so excellently that he might get the job.
D. Because it was such a good job, the candidate tried to answer the questions excellently.
4. I didn’t pay attention to the teacher. I failed to understand the lesson.
A. Although I paid attention to the teacher, I failed to understand the lesson.
B. I would have understood the lesson if I had failed to pay attention to the teacher.
C. I would have understood the lesson if I had paid attention to the teacher.
D. Unless I failed to understand the lesson, I would pay attention to the teacher.
5. Without my tutor’s help, I couldn’t have made such a good speech.
A. Had my tutor not helped me, I couldn’t make such a good speech.
B. If my tutor didn’t help me, I couldn’t make such a good speech.
C. If it hadn’t been for my tutor’s help, I couldn’t have made such a good speech.
D. If my tutor hadn’t helped me, I could have made such a good speech.
6. We survived that accident because we were wearing our seat belts.
A. But for our seat belts, we would have survived that accident.
B. Had we not been wearing our seat belts, we wouldn’t have survived that accident.
C. Without our seat belts, we could have survived that accident.
D. If we weren’t wearing our seat belts, we couldn’t have survived that accident.
7. They were late for the meeting because of the heavy snow.
A. If it snowed heavily, they would be late for the meeting.
B. Had it not snowed heavily, they would have been late for the meeting.
C. But for the heavy snow, they wouldn’t have been late for the meeting.
D. If it didn’t snow heavily, they wouldn’t be late for the meeting.
8. He was successful in his career thanks to his parents’ support.
A. Had it not been for his parents’ support, he wouldn’t be successful in his career.
B. If his parents hadn’t supported him, he wouldn’t have been successful in his career.
C. But for his parents’ support, he wouldn’t be successful in his career.
D. Without his parents’ support, he would have been successful in his career.
9. They cancelled all the sporting events because of the heavy rain.
A. Without the heavy rain, they wouldn’t cancel all the sporting events.
B. If it hadn’t rained heavily, they would have cancelled all the sporting events.
C. If it didn’t rain heavily, they wouldn’t cancel all the sporting events.
D. Had it not rained heavily, they wouldn’t have cancelled all the sporting events.
10. You are in this mess right now because you didn’t listen to me in the first place.
A. If you listen to my advice in the first place, you will not be in this mess right now.
B. If you had listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn’t be in this mess right now.
C. If you listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn’t be in this mess right now.
D. If you had listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn’t have been in this mess right now
11. It was only because I owed Bill a favor that I agree to help him.
A. I agree to help Bill only as a favor.
B. I agree to do Bill a favor, by helping him.
C. I only agreed to help Bill because I owed him some money.
D. If I hadn’t owed Bill a favor, I wouldn’t have agreed to help him.
12. John didn’t install an alarm, so the thieves broke into his house last night.
A. If John installed an alarm, the thieves didn’t break into his house last night.
B. Because John hadn’t installed an alarm, the thieves would break into his house last night.
C. If John had installed an alarm, the thieves wouldn’t break into his house last night.
D. Had John installed an alarm, the thieves wouldn’t have broken into his house last night.
13. Without transportation, our modern society would not exist.
A. If there were no transportation, our modern society would not exist.
B. If transportation no longer exists, our modern society will not either.
C. Our modern society will not exist without having traffic.
D. Our modern society does not exist if there is no transportation.
14. I’ll let you borrow the book but you must promise to return it
A. If you promise to return the book, I let you borrow it.
B. If you promised to return the book, I’ll let you borrow it.
C. If you promises to return the book next week, I won’t let you borrow it.
D. If you promise to return the book next week, I’ll let you borrow it.
15. He could have gone by bus and so saved a lot of money.
A. He wouldn’t have saved much money if he had taken the bus.
B. He would have gone by bus if he had saved money for the fare.
C. He traveled by bus, and it didn’t cost him much.
D. He would have spent less money if he had traveled by bus.
16. The staff couldn’t have worked any harder, and they could not even finish half of the order all the week.
A. Had the staff worked a little harder, they might have finished all the order by the end of the week.
B. Throughout the week, the staff could only complete half of the order, which how they did not work as hard as they should have.
C. The staff, who only completed half of the order all week, could not have worked as hard as they claimed they did.
D. Throughout the week, less than half of the order could be produced, although the staff worked as hard as they could.
17. This conference wouldn’t have been possible without your organization.
A. If you didn’t organize, this conference wouldn’t have been possible.
B. Your organization made it possible for this conference to take place.
C. If it hadn’t been for your organization, this conference wouldn’t have been possible.
D. If it weren’t for your organization, this conference wouldn’t be possible.
18. I didn’t have an umbrella with me, so I got wet.
A. Since I got wet, I didn’t have an umbrella with me.
B. My umbrella helped me to get wet.
C. I wouldn’t have got wet if I had had an umbrella with me.
D. I got wet, so I didn’t have an umbrella.
19. Unless you leave me alone, I’ll call the police.
A. I’ll call the police because you leave me alone.
B. I’ll call the police if you don’t leave me alone.
C. If you leave me alone, I’ll call the police.
D. You leave me alone, so I’ll call the police.
20. If I had known the reason why she was absent from class, I would have told you.
A. I knew the reason why she was absent from class, but I didn’t tell you.
B. Unless I knew the reason why she was absent from class, I wouldn’t tell you.
C. I didn’t know the reason why she was absent from class, so I didn’t tell.
D. Although I knew the reason why she was absent from class, I didn’t tell you.
21. But for your carelessness you could have been a partner in the firm.
A. If it hadn’t been your carelessness, you could have been a partner in the firm.
B. Your carelessness was the only thing to prevent being a partner in the firm.
C. It was your carelessness that made you impossible to be a partner in the firm
D. You could have been a partner in the firm, but you were so careless.
22. Unless you have tickets you can’t come in.
A. You can’t come in provided that you have tickets.
B. You can come in provided that you have tickets.
C. If you didn’t have tickets, you couldn’t come in.
D. Unless you don’t have tickets, you can come in.
23. Unfortunately, I don’t know philosophy, so I can’t answer your question.
A. If I know Philosophy, I can answer your question.
B. If I know Philosophy, I will be able to answer your question.
C. If I knew Philosophy, I would be able to answer your question.
D. If I had known Philosophy, I would have been able to answer your question.
24. He didn’t take his father’s advice. That’s why he is out of work now.
A. If he took his father’s advice, he would not be out of work now.
B. If he had taken his father’s advice, he would not have been out of work now.
C. If he had taken his father’s advice, he would not be out of work now.
D. If he takes his father’s advice, he will not be out of work now.
25. I didn’t speak to Anita because I didn’t see her.
A. If I saw Anita, I would speak to her.
B. If I had seen Anita, I would have spoken to her.
C. Although I spoke to Anita, I didn’t see her.
D. I saw Anita so that I could speak to her.

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